At A Glance of Myanmar Current Situation (Part-III) – Digital Services in Myanmar Telecoms


In 2013, Myanmar Granted Licenses to two additional MNOs with huge commitments attached to the licence in order to develop the social and economic welfare of the country and its people. Therefore together with their existing one, it has three MNOs since 2013. The launch of these networks transform the market with greatly improved coverage and a significant reduction in the cost of usage. This cost reduction lead to new untouched market of mobile access in Myanmar: Women. Yes, over 50% of the population in Myanmar are females, most of which are untouched by mobile access.

The strategy of leapfrogging traditional 2G mobile usage to 3G and 4G network has been an opportunity in a market like Myanmar where consumers see the value of a smart phone and mobile data over cheap feature phone, however, being said, growing mobile data penetration among low-income population is a challenge for mobile operators in developing countries.

Most challenges come with incredible opportunities for those who grab.With the digital economy still in its infancy, it is unclear which global advances in Digital Services and technologies will be adopted by Myanmar and which require local development. In this context, identifying how, where and with whom to work with in this market can be very challenging.

Even current operating telecoms, despite of their every efforts on CSR activities of donations and charity projects for the country, there is not much projects working out on digital services platform for social and economic welfare (such as agriculture, health, education, gender equality etc.,.) of Myanmar citizens, which in other developing countries, those kind of projects, were led by Telecoms. This is because Telecoms normally have huge commitment to help the country within as well as they are the major distribution channels of digital services to end users. Sadly, not much projects have seen in the country by current telecoms except the few projects by new telecoms.

Initiatives like Airtel Malawi mobile agriculture project, a dynamic and comprehensive mobile agriculture and financial service aimed at transforming smallholder farmers’ life by providing critical farming information that can enhance farming as business whilst promoting improved financial literacy and cash security awareness including Airtel Money (mobile banking) adoption which creates win win situation for both farmers and telecoms.

Even telecoms from developing countries still enhancing the mobile for development projects. One of the examples can be seen in Starhub Singapore’s Third Eye project which brings again win win situation by creating a community that would help blind people as well as brand value for the telecom which is far more effective than paying millions of dollars for billboard advertisements.

Third Eye Project by StarHub

Even the digital issues such as Cyber bulling, which definitely is a problem as well in Myanmar, were taken initiatives by telecoms in other countries if you see Words Hurt Stop Cyberbullying by Grameenphone. Comparing the video created as the products’ advertisement which by now people might already know what a telecom is providing, this type of video below can create a lot of PR value and improves the branding for the telecom. However, we still haven’t seen much like this in our telecoms in Myanmar.

Words Hurt Stop Cyber bullying by Grameenphone

Such events cannot be created unless there is a connection between the actual people doing projects like this who can show the telecoms what are the hot topics or problems in the society in order to transform them into digital version and distribute among people.

The Connected Digital Solutions Conference is the first ever industry wide event to bring together thoughtful leaders and key ecosystem players to collaborate on how to realise the potential social and economic benefits of different industries or communities through Digital Services platform for Myanmar Citizens. Again the participation and interests of Telecoms in such events are pretty low compared to government’s, NGO’s and community’s interests. The conference had over 40 government officials from 9 ministries, over 30 participants from local and international NGOs including proximity, action aid, UN, etc., over 30 interested youths from private schools and many individual interested candidates from Music, Film, E-Commerce, Tech, and business consultancy services. Altogether 200 attendees in two-day event. However, no participant registering from telecoms except one person from MPT which shows that these projects are still low priority in their list of prioritisation in Myanmar.

Connected Digital Solutions Myanmar


Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory and Relationships

Have you ever come across the Two-Factor theory in your academic. The two-factor theory is developed by Herzberg in 1959 and is widely used in management field and psychological field. According to the theory, whatever you do to please another person, it can be “motivators” or just “hygiene factors”. “Hygiene Factors” are those essentials but not regarded as motivators. If you are a boss and you want your employees to have motivation to work, you have to make sure you give them motivators and not just hygiene factors. Please see the diagram below for more understanding:

Screen Shot 2016-04-29 at 3.08.11 pm.png

So here, what should be really aware is that STAGE _1 Dissatisfaction is not the same as STAGE_2 No Dissatisfaction. Stage 1 is normally the worst stage that you can imagine but by giving hygiene factor one cannot be at the level for satisfactory but you can prevent Stage 1 from happening which I will call Stage-2 no dissatisfaction. Motivators only can give you the word “satisfaction” which here I will call STAGE_4 but there is one stage in between which is STAGE _3 NO Satisfaction. Let’s say, as an employee, you expect to be paid regularly and correctly. This is hygiene factor. Doing so, the employee will have no dissatisfaction but that alone will not give you a motivated salesman. So, let’s say you give annual bonus, so you started a motivator and based on that you might prevent the situation of “no satisfaction” but there is no grantees that they will be satisfied. Satisfaction really depends on individual.

Well, I am not writing this to tell you some theory that you might already know. I am explaining this as a reminder to what I am going to write in here.

Guys normally have problems dealing with a girl’s expectations meaning to say guys normally complaint girls as complicated. Well, there were some kind of girls who they thought as “COOL Girl” but most of the time, their own girlfriend tends to be “uncool” even if other people think she is.

Well, I do agree there are different types of girls with different levels of expectation. Most of the complaints such as “I can’t understand her. I am doing nothing wrong” or “I do trust her but she don’t trust me”, etc., that I heard from my guy friends are mostly because they might not understand the two-factor theory in their girl. Most of the time, I see guys sitting in the safe zone of “they are doing nothing wrong”, which ultimately is the hygiene factors for most relationship. Well, these are important to keep the relationship but in order to have a healthy one, “motivation and feeling secure” is the most important thing for a girl (well like me). If you are serious about your relationship and wanted to treat her special, you need to think of motivators, going out from your safe zone. For example: “Not having affairs with any other girls but your girlfriend”, could be hygiene factor which will give “not dissatisfaction” level but this doesn’t mean that she is satisfied. She will never be able to feel secure unless you satisfied her.

However, it doesn’t mean all girls have same expectation. Different girl might have different level of satisfaction. Some of the girls might satisfy for certain motivators but for some they are just the level of “no satisfaction”. Most of the guys (I said most, not all) wants a girl with the character. If you are thinking of serious relationship, you want someone who you can settle down. The question is are you ready to go beyond “not satisfied” to “satisfactory level” of a girl who you can be serious. When I say “a girl who you can be serious”, you might complaint all girls are equally complicated. Don’t complaint me, I know you guys know the type who you can be in serious relationship. Please do expect they do have higher level of expectation than others who you would normally call “cool girl”.

Let me give you an example for more understanding:

Let’s say there is a boy called Adam and a girl called Juliet who are a couple.

And there is another couple a boy called EdenScreen Shot 2016-04-29 at 3.09.58 pm.png and a girl called Angie.

Juliet, Eden and Angie were let’s say co-workers before. So, the couple happens to know each other although they didn’t really go out that much and not really close.

One day, Angie happens to be in another town. Eden tells Angie that he will be having a drink with Juliet and her boyfriend. In the evening, Eden, Juliet and Adam go to a bar for a drink then fell into a very deep conversation where Eden happens to ignore Angie’s calls and both Adam and Juliet knows it. I will stop my story here for a while. You know what Angie will do to check Eden. What would she do?? Of course, calling one of the other two. So who you think she will call?? Adam or Juliet?? Both of their phones are available.

Screen Shot 2016-04-29 at 3.11.33 pm.png

Put aside your answer. The story here said, Angie send message to Adam saying Eden is an asshole, not picking up her call and ask Adam for help. Despite of the fact that his boyfriend himself ignoring Angie, Adam started to text her. Very simple conversation as follows:

ANGIE” Hey Adam, Is Eden with you?? That asshole is ignoring me!

ADAM” Yeah! we are in serious conversation. We are talking about _____.

ANGIE” Okie! you know he always ignore me like that blah blah blah…..

ADAM” He means no harm. Just talking. Doing nothing.

_________ Going on

Then, when they got back, Juliet found out about their text conversation and she started to complaint that Adam shouldn’t have that conversation and instead should have informed Eden about Angie’s concerns. However, Adam argues that they were just having a normal conversation that Juliet can read through. He said he doesn’t care. Juliet stop engaging further conversation.

In this example, do you think Adam is trying for motivator or hygiene factor for Juliet. Which stage you think Juliet will be??

STAGE_1 Dissatisfaction

STAGE_2 No Dissatisfaction

STAGE_3 No Satisfaction or

STAGE_4 Satisfaction?

Don’t answer just yet. Which stage is depending on what type of girl she is?? You need to know more about her. Let this one be case one and let me take back to the start and see what she will behave if she is in Adam’s role in case two.

Let’s say Adam, Eden and Angie were co-workers before so they happen to know with Juliet who is Adam’s girlfriend. They are not so close though.

Screen Shot 2016-04-29 at 3.13.46 pm.png

One day, Eden happens to be out-of-town. Adam and Juliet took Angie to the bar and they started to be in a deep conversation that Angie started missing out Eden’s calls. Then Eden started to text Juliet instead of Adam who was a boy as well as his co-worker before.

Eden to Juliet: Hi Juliet! Is Angie with you? That bitch is not answering my calls.

Juliet: (LOOK at her phone, turn to Angie) and say

Juliet to Angie: Hey Angie, here, Eden has just texted me. Oh gosh! you should call him immediately. I think he is worried sick.

Angie to Juliet: Oh yeah! wait, I will call him back.

Juliet to Eden: Hey Eden, just talked with Angie. She’s gonna call you back soon. Don’t worry, we are just being in serious conversation. She is safe with us.

____ End of conversation ____

So, you might want to go back and read case one to compare case two. Now, you might see a bit about what kind of girl Juliet is. One sentence to Eden and done. So, she is a different type from Angie “cool girl” that you might say. She will surely call Angie instead of Eden if she is in reverse case one if she is the one out-of-town.

Now, you can started to answer my question. Which stage Juliet will be in the first case?? If you ask me, Adam stays in his safe zone of “I did nothing wrong” which is just a hygiene factor which will stop at “no dissatisfaction” Stage-2 or could be “no satisfaction” Stage-3. If your girlfriend is like Angie who text to a boy instead of a girl, then she might probably be able to understand you and went to the level of satisfaction if you are texting nothing wrong. For Juliet, she would prefer you told to Eden about it than keep giving attention to a woman who texted her boyfriend instead of her and is even abandoned by her own boyfriend.

So, my advice here is “Know your Girl”. “Know her Expectations” because different ones have different level of hardship to be satisfied.

“Get off your safe zone of I am doing nothing wrong” and “put yourselves up for challenges to meet your girl’s satisfactory level”.

Why I am telling you “Know your girl” is because most of the guys have ex-guilt attention. Let’s say you broke up with a girl for not answering her calls for weeks. Then three months later, you dated a girl and you carefully trying to answer her calls but she compliant that she was always the one to call and not him. Well, certain thing can be motivator for one girl but happen to be just hygiene factor for the other. So, guys, rather than giving her the “ex-guilt attention”, trying to know her and see what will be her expectations even before you date her. If you think you can’t handle, just don’t go because being with the wrong guy is worse than being alone.

Before you try to date a serious one, ask yourselves “Do I have what it takes to be with her?”.

Thought of the Day

When you say you’re in the relationship, it is obvious both need to work out and scarifice certain things if necessary in order to maintain it. Who’s doing more is another story!!
This includes those who were crushing on you!!
There will be gals crushing on your boy and there will be boys crushing on you!
You sometimes float into the attention dat you got on other boys or gals while you were in relationship!

second one.jpg
If you do, ask yourself this:

People say there are tons of fish in the sea why bother one! But you did choose one already. If you’re still longing the tons, why you choose one. You can stay in your sea and seek many attention if you are Mr or Miss popular. Obviously, having one person attention beside you is a lot less helpful than many waiting to help you and give you attention right?? (I wouldn’t agree it personally bcoz i have seen one person giving attention enough for all others but this kind of person is really rare so i will keep it this way)

If you are originally not Mr or Miss popular but still seeking attention, there is another possibility:

Another possibility is dat may be your sea is without fish before you got into relationship. Other fish started to know dat your sea is avaiable to survive only after dat one special fish prove it. Nobody dere to take risk before dat. Do you still want to float with others by ignoring dat one fish who proves you?? I won’t if I were you bcoz no one will able to know your value more than dat one who came first.

Well, my heartfelt advice: if you at least feel sorry for your other half, don’t try to get others’ attention. So choose,you want either relationship or just drop your relartionship and be Mr or Miss popular.

“EX” – History book or Novel??

Let me talk about breaking up subject today…

There are two types of people who talk about past relationships….

Those who talk about it like a history book and those who talk about it like a novel.

The psychological feeling behind it is similar to the subject that has mentioned here…

Why do we learn history?? As a matter of fact, you can learn from experience. You might not want to read the history book again once you have known it.. The best place to learn…

Why do we read novel?? Novel can give you emotions… I have seen those people who cry, feeling funny, feeling angry while reading novel written by William Shakespeare (e.g _Romeo and Juliet).
I have never seen someone crying by reading a history book…


So the concept is if let’s say if you are talking about your past relationships like a novel (let’s say feeling pain and angry), it means you still have feelings for it… If you’re talking your past relationships like a history book, Dat’s mean you are ready to start your new life already….

Sometimes people think themselves they have overcome the past already while they still talking about it with anger… Be aware of yourselves… You’re not ready as long as you talked it like a novel

Make it history to those things that are already history… Dat’s where you started to realize you can move on!!

Emotional Security in Relationships (Is that Faith??)

There are many factors that are important in relationship apart from love. Some like smart, some like beauty, some look for tall, some look for sexy, some look for rich, some look for honesty. No matter how much qualities you set in your mind to imagine your other half will be, there is always one thing that you as individual can’t live without in relationship. That one thing will not be the same for everyone.

If someone ask me what is your that one factor thing out of your whole list, then I will say “my Emotional Security”.


Normally, people confused the word “Faithful” with “Emotional Security”. In fact, “Faith” is just one of the key components that can build up “Emotional Security”. I thought I was the only one who understands it until I found someone else (don’t want to mention who). Then, I started to realise as long as you can treat someone as your one and only, this one will come along.

But to clarify it in details, “Emotional Security” in my meaning composed of “Faith, Behave, Generous and above all Special”.

Faith – simple logic of “what mine is mine and what yours is yours!” No need to explain much.

Behave – This one needs a little bit more in details:

No matter how beautiful or handsome you are, there always is someone who seems to be better for a second.

I have been living in a single life for 20-years before I got into relationship. When I was single, I found many guys who has a girlfriend with them beside but trying to sneak a peak sometimes even if I knew their girlfriend. Of course, I can distinguish the normal look and the flirtatious look and I believe many people can. Normally, that girl will feel really great because it somehow indicates the logic: “I am better than your girlfriend, am I??”. For me, I always feel angry to those boys and perhaps it’s also the reason behind my fear of relationship as well when I was young.

But when I get older, I realise, looking the beautiful piece of art is not a sin and it’s not like he is not faithful, Many people do it although I don’t (well I do socialise with people but I always try my best to behave my eyes) :P. I came to realise that’s the natural process. So, I let the other person to look what he wanted to look without interfering although I knew every time they tried (pls, I have been in the position of other girl long enough).

At one time, to one person, I presented a hypothesis. “Look, I am telling you this not because I am too jealous, but I don’t really want to look like I am not as good as that one. So, if you want to give a peak fine. Just help me by pretending I am not your girlfriend as long as she is around here! That would help me save my face at least! Well, if you think I at least deserve it. Same thing with chatting. I never check your Facebook or chat box but make sure your girl-friend who you flirting with is not in my friend list. :)”. You know what, from that time on, that one behave like I have never expected from a man, until we broke up. Well, at least I appreciate the value that he gave me that time.

So, “behave” basically means you behave not because you’re afraid of your girlfriend. You “behave” either because you can’t give attention to any other girls when your loved one is with you (which might not be easy to find one) or you value your girlfriend and don’t want her to feel unsafe or feel lesser than any girls.

Behaving is sometimes relating to maturity as well. There always are a lot of differences between dating a boy and a man.

One of them could be seeking attention.

It’s actually a part of nature that:
A girl wants attention from the boys.
A boy wants attention from the girls.

A woman wants her man’s attention.
A man wants his woman’s attention.

I have seen those men who can behave with or without their girlfriend bcoz they are too old to long for others’ attention and they are just busy doing their own thing even if they are playing games. They prefer to have their own things going on most of time than seeking other girls’ attention.

I have seen those who behave like cats in front of their girls and went wild if they are not around and in worst case, they may even seek for attention with a sneak peak to other girl by sitting next to his gf.

I think it has to do with their maturity state.

So, if you want to see whether your man is already mature or not, this could be one of the measurements. Trying very hard to behave or the behave comes naturally depends on their maturity.

In fact, maturity doesn’t go with age. Two males with the same age but one can be a boy and the other can be a man.

Generous – Don’t get me wrong!! I don’t mean to say I like generous. I don’t like generous prince charming. Generous here means being generous to your girlfriend. I have seen a lot of generous princes charming who are generous to everyone. Let say, you have a boyfriend who always opens the door when you got out from car. But he is doing that to his best girl-friends as well. Well, if this is the case, I will say “no thanks, I just want to be your best girl-friend rather than girlfriend”. Friendship is a lot easier to maintain longer term than a relationship so what is the point of trying for a hard one which is relationship while you can get the same opportunity for being just a friend. That’s why many girls like gang stars because they probably might not good even care about girls but at least treat better to their girls. I have seen those gentlemen who just look too generous to every women by worrying this worrying that. I would go for a bad one than a gentleman if this is the case. I prefer to have a clear cut line between my guy friends and my boyfriend which I consider as a part of emotional security.

Special – Treating as one and only. This comes with love of course. I have seen those people who can do above factors easily and automatically like they don’t even have to try.

EMOJOn contrast, sometimes we came to a point where we start to love the other very dearly, stop caring about what we need in relationship. However, even if we are in that deep in love, we might not be expecting it as long-term as long as your one significant need couldn’t be fulfilled. That’s where you can become someone who is in love without expectation. Good thing about being that person is “you can stop if you want”.

At a Glance of Myanmar Current Situation (Part-II) for Infrastructures Business

As introduced in Part (I) from Nov 1st 2013, Myanmar has been going with its reformation since 2011. Currently, it has been in their progress of FESR (Framework for Economic and Social Reform) which outlines priorities up to 2015 which is a part of National Comprehensive Development Plan (NCDP), 20-year plan for reformation.

0112-Myanmar-Peace-Talks_full_600Myanmar is currently struggling with all three dimensional reformation: Political Reformation, Economic Reformation and Peace Building (ceasing fire, negotiation, and implementation of Peace with 16 major armed forces in the country), in which most of the other countries in the world has passed through their reformation process with only one or two dimensions, (MPC, Oct 2013).

As for economic reformation, selected sectors in five-year plans (FESR) has made its industry zoneannual plan and some of those are in actions during these years including new foreign exchange management law, new central bank law to improve operational autonomy of the Central Bank of Myanmar, opening up the telecommunication sector by choosing foreign investors through bidding, permitting 100% ownership for foreign companies with exceptions, and above of all, there is much better, more attractive tax incentives for investments in infrastructure development and the creation of special economic zones to attract foreign investment for the selected sectors. An Example of this incentive is the allowance of 5-year tax holiday.

There are significant necessities for development in Myanmar’s infrastructure sector which could be one of the divers for future job creation in Myanmar just like the other important sectors including manufacturing and tourism. Myanmar overall LPI ranking shows 133 out of 155 (see in table) with 134 in infrastructure (see in table) which is showing the opportunities for foreign investment as private sector in development of basis infrastructures such as urban transportation, airports, utilities, power plants, etc.,.

Myanmar’s agriculture sector has been a dominant sector in creating country’s GDP (0.8, agri$ thousand, 2010) which is taking about 44% of overall GDP. (McKinsey Institute, June 2013) This has led the country to opposite directions with the structure of GDP contribution of other Asia countries like Thailand (4.8, $ thousand, 2010) which has below 15 percent contribution from agriculture and shifting their contribution to infrastructures, manufacturing and services.(McKinsey Institute, June 2013)

Therefore there are six other sectors in national plan to create improvements which can potentially contribute the country’s economy. Infrastructure sector is one of these six with the estimation of 8% growth rate by 2030. According to McKinsey Institute, June 2013, this sector contributes $10.5 billion to GDP in 2010 which is estimated to be $ 48.8 billion in 2030 with the job opportunities of 2.3 million which is currently having the figure of 500,000 only.

Telecommunication infrastructure has made its movement in 2013 as Norway’s telecommunication company, TELENOR and Qatar’s telecom OOREDOO has become Myanmar’s first private telecommunication operators. teleApart from telecommunication, there are other important infrastructures to develop which include transportation infrastructures (roads, sea ports, railways, airports), utilities infrastructures (energy, power, water), industrial infrastructures and real estates. Among these real estates have greatest potential growth from $ 5.4 billion to $ 25.2 billion by 2030. (McKinsey Institute, June 2013)

According to the estimation of McKinsey Institute, June 2013, the urban floor space of large cities will take around 60% of the country in total and the real estate construction costs can be or may be similar to those in Vietnam.

Table: Logistics Performance Index by World Bank 2012

Logistics Performance Index, 2012, WB Myanmar
Overall LPI score 2.33
rank 133
Customs score 1.94
rank 146
Infrastructure score 1.92
rank 134
International shipments score 2.37
rank 131
Logistics competence score 2.01
rank 148
Tracking & tracing score 2.36
rank 129
Timeliness score 3.29
rank 82

My Idols – Female Leaders Around the World (Part-1) : The Iron Lady of Israel

There have always been female rulers on earth. Even since 3000BCE, Egyptians Queens ruled the Egypt. Each of the world’s country has at least one woman leader. queenThese leaders inspire me in a way that was shown in the articles. Most of the leaders who are going to describe here will be those who had passed away many years ago.

“Being Seventy is not a sin”. Golda Meir, seventy-year-old lady who had been an Israel pioneer leader, despite of her age argued that it doesn’t mean that old people can’t do well in politics. Older people have more consideration on what should be done.

Woman like Golda is rarely found in the world. Golda Meir is one of the founders in building new land of Jewish, Israel, equally likely with the men although she was just a normal teacher and didn’t have very impressive education background. Once the Israel was established, again Golda Meir had to participate in struggling within the Arabs countries. Golda Meir’s soul and sprit upon her country and nation was so impressive.Just like most women leaders, she scarified most of her time for country. Scarifying time means both personal time and family time. She was known to be a dutiful person in spite of her bad health condition.

ImageGolda Meir is someone who is as soft as silk if it concerns with personal or concerns with persuasion of people towards her goal. However, she is as strong as an iron in dealing with political problems and who can convince her idea into public very well. She had been the Minister of Labor Union who had built a lot of homes for the people of Israel and made remarkable contribution in transportation. As a foreign minister, she had found many friends for Israel especially from Africa, Denmark, Sweden and Myanmar. She was famous for protecting her country, Israel, as a very good lawyer on the stage of United Nations. Lastly, even in her retired time, she had to accept the heavy responsibility as a Prime Minister again.

Unlike the other women leaders like Indira Gandhi, she was not born from high class family, or educated family, or rich family. Her life was so severe as she went along. She did everything she believed on her own hands. Actually, she was the one who born with the earth rather than heaven.

Golda Meir’s ancestors were Jewish who were born in Soviet. However, the Soviet treated the Jewish as the second class citizens so that they were placed in the second class in politics, education and businesses. America and Israel are the new major centers of the Jewish and Europe was decimated of its Jewish population. Surprisingly, almost all the prior leaders that gave-birth the Israel, including Golda, were born in Soviet. (online avaliable at:(



Just like the leader of Israel, Ben-Gurion, Golda Meir was born in Soviet. Her father, is a carpenter whose work was consistently under appreciated. Although her father is one of the carpenters who figured out the very first refrigerator, their family financial situation was completely a crisis. The very first years of Golda in her home town was full of terrible hardships that her family suffered, with poverty, cold hunger in fear (Golda Meir, My Life, 1975)

When she was about five, her father went to America, where the Jews called “the land of gold” and made his fortune there. Her mother, elder sister, younger sister and Golda, herself have to wait their father’s calling back. Actually, Golda had not only sisters but also brothers. Her four little boys fell ill while they are facing hardships in Kiev. Two of them died before they were a year old and two of them died within one month.

Golda Meir (My Life, 1975) states her life in hometown that “I suppose my recollection of being frightened is the clearest of all my memories.” There was a program to descend on Jews. The Jews-hater rabble that used to surge through towns brandishing knives and huge sticks, screaming “Christ Killers” as they looked for the Jews. Her father tried to barricade the entrance with boards of wood. Being a Jewish made Golda to be different from other children and the feelings of fear, discontentment  and responsiveness of being different and the belief that one have to make effective action personally if he or she wanted to survive, had been grown.During the establishing time of Israel, Golda convinced that these frightened experiences were the foundation of her willingness towards her vision in politics.

Golda Meir seemed as symbol of strength and authority. While she went to US to ask for Authoritytheir support of weapons during war period, President Nixon couldn’t resist her. He stated that “I remember so well when we sat down in the chairs and the photographers came in… and we were shaking hands and she was smiling and making the right friendly comments. Then, when the photographers left the room, she crossed her legs, lit a cigarette and said, ‘ Now, Mr. President, What are you going to do about those planes that we want and we need very much’….” Nixon seemed Golda as a man since then. (Burkett, The Iron Lady of Middle East, 2008)Golda and US President

There were several leadership abilities that I would found in Golda. These abilities are:

  • Servant Leadership (Golda was a good follower before she became a leader and I think this nourish her servant leadership)
  • Task-Oriented (If you read more details on her political actions, you will know that she has less concern in process implementation than the ideas)
  • Advocate Management (At that time, Israel’s political solutions were said to be coming from what they called “Golda’s Kitchen” rather than official cabinets. I found pros and cons for this. As Golda mainly discussed issues in person with one or two people unofficially, they can discuss in details for those information which should not be distribute to many people. However, this style had made Golda to bypass the second partner.)
  • Knowing the People (She had used them and knew their value. She never gave orders. The things she gave were just guidelines and requests which show her great deal of leadership.)

Golda Meir had to scarify her status as a housewife for Israel. She divorced with her husband, Morris. She got the genies of optimistic from her mother and that of stubborn from her father, again, political sprit from her elder sister, Sheyna. Some knowledge, she got from her husband, Morris. Golda said that she was so lucky because each and every of her relatives and friends in her life gave her something for her life.

The great Golda was not heritage by the male leader, for example : Indria Gandhi was heritage political aspect from her father. Golda Meir is not the one who is pretty because of her diamond earrings. She, herself, is the diamond. She was born to be a leader and then trained to be good.

As for my recommendation, Golda Meir is not a woman leader. She is the leader whose gender is woman.